Composting – compost

Composting is a process that recycles your garden waste and kitchen urban to produce nutrient-rich compost that can be mixed in the soil to replenish nutrients that plants need to grow.

Composting is easy. The usual paper and organic waste instead of being dumped in the municipal are combined on the terrace, and over time, with a little care, they decompose to produce a material rich, dark, damp, called compost.

The best mixture of compost:
All compostable materials are primarily carbon or nitrogen. Building a healthy compost pile is simple: maintain a balance of work between these two components.

Carbon – Known as brown (browns), carbon-rich material (twigs, stems, leaves, wood chips, sawdust or bark powder, coffee filters, conifer needles, egg shells, hay, peat moss , wood ash) gives the compost a body light and fluffy.

Nitrogen – Known as green (greens), protein-rich material (food scraps, animal manure, green leafy material like grass clippings and green leaves) provides raw materials for manufacturing of enzymes.

The carbon and nitrogen components are mixed in proportions of about 50:50 by volume in a suitable container (see the pictures and explanation below). Be sure to break, cut or chop the ingredients into small pieces of carbon, readily decomposable to help accelerate the process.

Once the mixture is soaked well and let out the excess water out and then every day we give a quick spin to aerate the mixture. In just six weeks the compost is ready, but make sure you’re ready before you use it, if odor is still decomposing.

Problems with the compost?
To achieve the correct humidity and the right mix of ingredients in your compost may take a little practice, but most problems can usually be overcome.

Too wet – Add sawdust or shredded newspaper to help absorb moisture and turn regularly.

No Heat – Adding a nitrogen source, such as animal manure or blood and bone meal or plant debris. With small volumes of compost is difficult to generate heat. Direct sunlight can help to some extent.

Dry – Water lightly.

Development of flies – completely enclose the compost. We ensure that the compost is hot in the center and turn regularly to “cook” the eggs of flies and cockroaches.

Too hot – If the mixture is gray and the leaves turn and scatter smoke a little to cool the compost. This problem is rarely found in small-scale composting.

Strong odor – All compost smell a little when turning. Reduce the smell by keeping the compost moist but not wet.